E-Mobility and Renewable Energy Integration: Working Paper Series
Enabling Environments for E-Mobility and Renewable Energy Integrationin Southeast Asia (Working Paper 2)
Deep and drastic cuts of greenhouse gas emissions are urgently needed from all sectors of the global economy to avoid irreversible climate and ecological breakdown. Most transport decarbonization pathways rely on two parallel activities: (i) the electrification of most surface transport, including road and rail, and even short-distance shipping and aviation; and (ii) significant growth in renewable electricity generation. Making this work effectively will require the interaction of two previously siloed sectors: electricity and transport.
This working paper – the second in the series in collaboration with the ADB – explores how relevant stakeholders can support enabling environments for the integration of e-mobility and renewable energy in the Southeast Asian context. This is based on analysed interviews with staff of energy and transport secretariats of the Asian Development Bank and United Nations Environment Programme. It sets out 16 Practical Actions as guidance for key stakeholders.
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Making E-Mobility and Renewable Integration Work in Asia and the Pacific (Working Paper 1)
E-mobility and renewable energy integration can provide reductions in emissions and improvements in energy access. By bringing these two systems together, the increase in electricity demand from e-mobility can act as an ‘anchor load’ – an incentive for network operators and generators to build more grid and generation, thereby increasing energy availability. As electric vehicle charging – whether provided through battery swapping stations or directly to the vehicle – is flexible, this naturally favours variable renewables such as wind and solar, whose outputs cannot be scheduled.
In this piece, we identify nine barriers to e-mobility and renewable energy integration in terms of upfront cost, locked-in governance and technology uptake. To overcome these barriers, we present a framework of enablers in terms of business models, policy mixes, financing options, and governance. Through case study, we discuss how these enablers have overcome barriers in practice to unlock the benefits of e-mobility and renewable energy integration.
This working paper, the first of the CCG series on e-mobility and renewable energy integration in collaboration with the Asian Development Bank (ADB), is based on the output from a workshop held between CCG and ADB on “making transport electrification work for renewables integration in Asia and the Pacific”.